Description: Oscar Bluemner
(German/American; 1867 - 1938)
Longhill, New Providence, NJ
Colored pencil on paper
Provenance: Hirschl & Adler.
An early modernist painter, Oscar Bluemner was trained as an architect in Berlin. A disagreement over art with Emporer William II led to his emigration to America (Chicago) in 1892. After moving to New York City, he won a competition in 1900 for the design of the courthouse in Bronx, New York, but his partner stole the commission from him. Eventually he won a lawsuit against him, but by then he had turned to painting and away from architecture. Bluemner first adopted the impressionist style and urban subject matter of Maurice Prendergast, but after a trip to Europe, his style changed drastically to that which was geometric and reflected Cubism and Futurism.
His work was well received by the critics, especially when he was endorsed and promoted by Alfred Stieglitz who sponsored Bluemner's first American exhibition. However, sales were not strong during most of his career. As he suffered increasing poverty and poor health, he became more and more depressed and committed suicide in 1938.
During his career, he exhibited at the Royal Academy of Berlin, 1892 (medal); Gurlitt Galleries, Berlin, 1912 (solo); Armory Show, NYC, 1913; 291 Gallery, NYC, 1915 (solo); Forum Exhibition of Modern American Painters, 1916; Bourgeois Gallery, NYC, 1917-1923; The Intimate Gallery, NYC, 1928 (solo); Whitney Museum of American Art, 1932; Salons of America; University Gallery, University of Minnesota, 1939 (retrospective).
His work can be found in the Whitney Museum of American Art; Philadelphia Museum of Art; Metropolitan Museum of Art; the Fogg A. Museum, Harvard University; and the University Gallery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
4 1/2" x 5 3/4"
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