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Lot 335: SHIRLEY JAFFE (1923-2016)

Est: €35,000 EUR - €45,000 EURSold:
Bernaerts AuctioneersOctober 12, 2022Antwerp, Belgium

Item Overview

Description

'Pile ou Face', 2013.
Canvas.
Title, signature and date on the reverse.

Provenance and certificate:
Galerie Greta Meert, Brussels, 2014

The American artist Shirley Jaffe (1923-2016) left the United States in 1949 to join a group of American and Canadian artists who settled in Paris in the late 1940s. These artists, driven by a fascination for Impressionism, developed a "European" second wave of abstract expressionism which was more balanced and calmer than the New York version. Jaffe was taken under the wing of friends like Jean-Paul Riopelle and Sam Francis in whose studio she developed, from the early start, her own abstract pictorial language.

Her very early work still illustrates the typical characteristics of abstract expressionism with unrestrained brushstrokes and a broad range of colours. After a study period in Berlin (1963-1964) her visual language transforms: she starts experimenting with geometric forms thereby completely abandoning her gestural brushwork of the late 1960s. Hence, her second exhibition in Paris at the gallery of Jean Fournier shows a series of geometric compositions of uniform coloured forms with well-defined contours, a complete antithesis of her earlier work. One can clearly see the inspiration by the architectural elements of the demolition and construction of Montparnasse station, the neighbourhood where she rented a studio from Louise Bourgeois.

The use of white would become very characteristic in her later works. By applying the white paint only after the coloured forms have been assembled on the canvas, Jaffe uses it structurally to cut up the forms, making the white fields function as positive as well as negative space. In her continuous strive to avoid any figurative connotation and resemblances, she creates a unique pictorial language of very diverse collage-like "hard-edged" biomorphic and sculptural shapes in flat uniform colours. In her most recent works, from the late 1990s and early 2000s onward, she sometimes abandons these smooth colour planes and handles areas with relative looseness and transparency, making brushstrokes visible. She continues to surprise by including spontaneous, uncontrolled elements to her compositions to create a new dynamic. For Jaffe, this continuous evolution is yet another manifestation of the "manyness" of her visual language.

The present painting dates from 2013 and is a fine example of this unique artist's latest period.

Description FR
'Pile ou Face', 2013.
Toile.
Titre, signature et date au revers.

Provenance et certificat:
Galerie Greta Meert, Bruxelles, 2014

L'artiste américaine Shirley Jaffe (1923-2016) a quitté les États-Unis en 1949 pour rejoindre un groupe d'artistes américains et canadiens qui se sont installés à Paris à la fin des années 1940. Ces artistes, animés par une fascination pour l'impressionnisme, ont développé une seconde vague 'européenne' d'expressionnisme abstrait, plus équilibrée et plus calme que celle de New York. Jaffe a été prise sous l'aile, entre autres, de Jean-Paul Riopelle et de Sam Francis, dans l'atelier desquels elle a cherché dès le début son propre langage visuel, loin de la figuration.

Ses premières œuvres présentent encore les caractéristiques typiques de l'expressionnisme abstrait, avec des coups de pinceau libres 'gestuels' et une large palette de couleurs, mais après une période d'étude à Berlin (1963-1964), son langage visuel se transforme et elle expérimente des formes géométriques, avant d'abandonner complètement les coups de pinceau libres à la fin des années soixante. Sa deuxième exposition à Paris, à la galerie de Jean Fournier, présente une série de compositions géométriques avec des zones de couleur uniformes et nettement délimitées, une antithèse complète de son travail antérieur. Elle s'est également inspirée des éléments architecturaux de la démolition et de la reconstruction de la gare Montparnasse, le quartier où elle a loué un atelier à Louise Bourgeois.

L'utilisation du blanc deviendra très caractéristique dans ses œuvres ultérieures. En ne peignant le blanc qu'après avoir posé les formes colorées sur la toile, elle l'a utilisé de manière structurelle pour délimiter les formes, de sorte que les zones blanches servent à la fois d'espace positif et négatif. S'efforçant constamment d'éviter toute connotation et ressemblance figuratives, elle crée un langage visuel unique composé de formes biomorphiques et sculpturales très diverses, semblables à des collages, dans des couleurs plates et uniformes. Dans ses œuvres les plus récentes, datant de la fin des années 1990 et du début des années 2000, elle abandonne parfois ces surfaces colorées lisses pour leur donner une interprétation plus lâche et plus transparente avec des coups de pinceau visibles. Elle continue de surprendre et ajoute désormais des lignes spontanées et incontrôlées à ses compositions pour créer une nouvelle dynamique. Pour Jaffe, cette évolution continue n'est rien d'autre qu'une manifestation de la 'multiplicité' de son langage visuel.

L'œuvre proposée aujourd'hui date de 2013 et constitue une belle illustration de la dernière période de cet artiste unique.


Beschrijving NL
'Pile ou Face', 2013.
Doek.
Titel, signatuur en datum op verso.

Herkomst en certificaat:
Galerie Greta Meert, Brussel, 2014

De Amerikaanse kunstenares Shirley Jaffe (1923-2016) verliet in 1949 de Verenigde Staten en sloot aan bij een groep van Amerikaanse en Canadese kunstenaars die zich einde jaren ’40 in Parijs vestigden. Deze kunstenaars, gedreven door een fascinatie voor het impressionisme, ontwikkelden een ‘Europese’ tweede golf van abstract expressionisme die meer evenwichtig en rustiger was dan deze van New York. Jaffe werd onder de vleugels genomen van o.a. Jean-Paul Riopelle en Sam Francis in wiens atelier ze vanaf het begin op zoek gaat naar een eigen beeldtaal ver weg van het figuratieve.

Haar eerste werken vertonen nog de typische kenmerken van het abstract expressionisme met vrije ‘gestuele’ penseelstreken en een breed kleurenpalet, maar na een studieperiode in Berlijn (1963-1964) transformeert haar beeldtaal en experimenteert ze met geometrische vormen, om einde jaren zestig de vrije penseelvoering volledig te verlaten. Haar tweede expo in Parijs in de galerie van Jean Fournier toont dan ook een reeks van geometrische composities met scherp afgelijnde uniforme kleurvlakken, een volledige antithese van haar vroeger werk. Ze werd hierbij ook geïnspireerd door de architecturale elementen van de afbraak en opbouw van het station Montparnasse, de buurt waar ze een studio huurde van Louise Bourgeois.

Het gebruik van wit zal zeer karakteristiek worden in haar latere werken. Door het wit pas te schilderen nadat de gekleurde vormen op doek zijn gezet, gebruikt ze het structureel om de vormen af te lijnen, waardoor het wit zowel als positieve en negatieve ruimte figureert. In haar continu streven om elke figuratieve connotatie en gelijkenis te vermijden, creëert ze een unieke beeldtaal van heel diverse collage-achtige ‘hard-edged’ biomorfe en sculpturale vormen in vlakke uniforme kleuren. In haar meest recente werken, vanaf einde jaren ’90 en begin jaren 2000 verlaat ze soms deze gladde kleurvlakken om er een lossere en transparantere invulling aan te geven met zichtbare penseelstreken. Ze blijft verrassen en voegt nu ook spontane, ongecontroleerde lijnen toe aan haar composities om zo een nieuwe dynamiek te creëren. Voor Jaffe is deze continue evolutie niet meer dan een manifestatie van de ‘many-ness’ van haar beeldtaal.

Het werk dat we vandaag aanbieden dateert van 2013 en is een mooie illustratie van de laatste periode van deze unieke kunstenares.

Dimensions

73 x 60 cm(74 x 61.5 cm)

Artist or Maker

Payment & Shipping

Payment

Accepted forms of payment: MasterCard, Visa, Wire Transfer

Shipping

The auction house is not responsible for packaging and shipping your purchased items. We can recommend a few shipping companies:
https://www.bernaerts.eu/editor_images/file/transport.pdf
Please contact them directly to request a quote.
Costs for packaging and shipping are always at your expense and at your own risk.
For more info contact [email protected].

Auction Details

The Grand Opening II (lot 200 - 343)

by
Bernaerts Auctioneers
October 12, 2022, 02:00 PM CET

Verlatstraat 16-22, Antwerp, Antwerp, 2000, BE

Terms

Buyer's Premium

28.0%

Bidding Increments

From:To:Increment:
€0€5€1
€6€9€2
€10€99€10
€100€299€20
€300€999€50
€1,000€1,999€100
€2,000€4,999€200
€5,000€9,999€500
€10,000€19,999€1,000
€20,000€49,999€2,000
€50,000+€5,000

Terms & Conditions

The private limited company BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS BV (hereafter BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS) announces to the participants of the sale that the sale will be held according to the terms and conditions listed below and any participation in the auctions implies the unconditional acceptance of the present conditions of sale.

1. Auction day
The auction takes place through an oral or written bid. The highest bidder for each item is the successful bidder who will purchase the item against cash payment. At the time of the purchase and to the extent that he did not previously, the potential purchaser must register by presenting proof of identity and indicating his name, address, telephone number, the number of his identity card and his signature on the registration form of BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS. In return, he will receive a paddle with its personal number to participate in the auction. In other cases, the purchaser presents himself to complete and sign his entry form, after which he will receive a paddle with his personal number. Online sale bidders must register at least 5 hours before the beginning of the auction by filling the form on My Account. For each new online sale, the buyer must register by accepting the Terms and Conditions of sale.

2. Commitment of the bidder
By its offer, the bidder commits himself to purchase the auction items for sale at the price he has proposed. He nevertheless has no say when the sale is suspended for any reason at all.

3. Conduct of sale, order
The judicial officer maintains order during the sale. It is he who ultimately rules all possible disputes born of the sale, including the bidding increments and the designation of the highest bidder. The auctioneer has, among others, the right to set the minimum price of each offer, not to accept the bid of persons that he does not know or whose identity or creditworthiness not seemed proven - in which case, the previous bidder remains bound-, to suspend the sale, without having to explain thereon to the bidders, to split, join or withdraw any item. In case of obstruction or disruption of the auction by violence, threat or a fraudulent way, the provisions of article 314 of the Penal Code will be applied. In case a price limit has been set by the provider/seller, BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS has the right to bid on behalf of the provider/seller. BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS reserves the right to refuse any offer made by unknown buyers.

4. Buyer by mandate or third-party buyer
The purchaser may designate a proxy, provided that he signals it to the auctioneer at the end of the sale. The purchaser answers for the solvency and the competence of its proxy; each purchaser remains responsible for its purchase, even if another person is stated as (proxy) purchaser.

5. Guarantee
The successful bid does not imply any guarantee on the part of the auctioneer responsible for the sale nor on the part of the acting judicial officer, concerning among others the authenticity. Items and art objects are sold in the state in which they are at the auction exhibition and sale, and without any guarantee. Buyers are expected to have reviewed items and objects of art and to have made their offer being informed. The estimated prices quoted in the catalogue serve for information purposes only. If necessary, the catalogue on paper takes precedence over the electronic version (on paper catalogues can be consulted or downloaded free of charges on www.bernaerts.be ). In exceptional cases, the sale of an art object can be cancelled and the hammer price refunded to the purchaser if the object bought is returned within three weeks, with evidence that it is a falsification, and provided that the object remained in the same condition as at the time of the auction.

6. Indivisibility and particularity
All obligations of purchase are by law, jointly and indissolubly, both for legal persons as for physical persons, the responsibility of all those who buy for a joint account, the final purchaser and those who bought for him, on the securities between them and those for whom they act as guarantor, as well as the heirs and successors of each of the people mentioned above.

7. Payment of the purchase price and the additional costs by the purchaser
The purchaser in the room and the purchaser who has bid by purchase order must pay, immediately after the sale or at the time of the removal of the items, the hammer price, plus 22% (23% for Works on Paper) on the hammer price in the room and on the absentee bid, plus 25% on the hammer price by telephone bid, including VAT, for costs.
The simultaneous sale in live (webcast) bidders must pay the purchase price increased by 28% on the hammer price, VAT included.
The online only sales and/or aftersales bidders must pay the purchase price increased by 30% on the hammer price, VAT included.
For each item, an additional administrative costs of € 2 will have to be paid and, if applicable, a droit de suite (right to follow or resale right).
The droit de suite is an extension of the copyright law that entitles a compensation to the creator of a work of art in case of a resale of the work.
This right may apply both to sculptures and to graphic works of art. A droit the suite is charged in case of a resale of original works of art of living artists or artists who died less than 70 years ago and from a price of € 2,000 on.
It amounts to 4% of the price up to € 50,000.00;
to 3% of the auction price segment between € 50,000.01 and € 200,000.00;
to 1% of the auction price segment between € 200,000.01 and € 350,000.00;
to 0.50% of the auction price segment between € 350,000.01 and € 500,000.00;
to 0.25% of the auction price segment above € 500,000.00 price.
However, the droit de suite can never exceed € 12,500.
The rate of the first segment, i.e. 4%, should be applied to the entire amount that lies within this segment. (Law of 4 December 2006 and R.D. of 2 August 2007).
Only banknotes in euros (up to a total amount of € 2,999, fees included) or cheques guaranteed by a Belgian Bank (or Bancontact card) will be accepted for payment of the purchase price and costs. Cheque cashing fees will be charged to the buyer. In case of payment through a non-certified cheque, delivery of the items may be suspended until the crediting.

8. Compensation - confusion
The buyer cannot claim nor compensation, nor confusion, nor article 1653 of the Belgian Civil Code in case of trouble of the purchaser.

9. Resale - irresponsible bidding
If the purchaser, the highest bidder, the guarantor and/or the indicated proxy have failed to immediately fulfil the obligations set out in these terms and conditions or to immediately meet one of the conditions of sale, the item may be resold on the basis of an irresponsible bidding, at the expense of the highest bidder. The resale is done by the judicial officer already requested, under the same conditions of sale. The failing purchaser shall pay the difference between the purchase price and the resale price, without being able to claim the balance between the purchase price and the resale price in case the resale price exceeds the purchase price. This balance will be to the benefit of the provider/seller or to the creditors. The irresponsible bidder is required in addition to the payment of expenses caused by its negligence and by the resale, as well as other charges of any kind, without prejudice to damages for any reason whatsoever. Delivery of a cheque which is not paid immediately at the first presentation, is considered failure to pay, without prejudice to the application of the criminal law if necessary, nor of the protest, discount and other grant.

10. Transfer of ownership - provisional measures
As soon as the highest bidder is determined, all risks related to the purchases will be the responsibility of the purchaser. The item is delivered in the state it is at the time of the auction, with all its apparent and hidden defects. At the auction, the item shall be kept with the utmost care. However, the buyer must take all measures for the preservation of the item. As soon as the highest bidder is determined, items only remain on-site at the risk and under the responsibility of the purchaser, which is solely responsible for the item he bought.

11. State of the items - exhibition
Since items and works of art are exhibited before the auction, and the terms and conditions have been communicated, the purchaser is supposed to be informed fully, personally and on his own responsibility of the state of the items and art objects. He has no recourse against BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS, against the acting judicial officer or against the auctioneer, for error, inaccuracy, or negligence in the description of the items and works of art, nor for inconvenience, discomfort, the state of the items and works of art, their repair or restoration. All data concerning items and the works of art in catalogues, advertisements, brochures or any other written or digital communication from BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS, and especially their description, are provided only for information purposes and without prejudice. Neither BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS, nor the acting judicial officer assume any responsibility in this regard. The sale is preceded by an exhibition during which BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS will be available to the public to provide information to the best of its possibilities; the exhibition is intended to allow the examination of the state of conservation and the quality of the items as well as to provide guidance on possible defects or inaccuracies in the description of the catalogue. The public can also appeal to BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS or to an expert chosen by the interested person, for a thorough review and that, for the duration of the exhibition. BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS is not prepared to take the item back if the description of the catalogue is revoked during the sale and that the right description is given orally to the public. Each visitor is responsible for the damage that he causes to the exposed objects and items, even if it happened coincidentally or involuntarily. Similarly, the provisions of article 2280 of the Civil Code apply to this auction.

12. Passing of possession - removal
The buyer who has paid the full purchase price and costs will pass in possession of the item sold. Upon removal, it is required to submit a proof of payment. No item can be removed during the live auction itself. Unless expressly authorized by BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS, no item will be delivered until full payment of the purchase price and costs. The damage caused during the removal or displacement of items are at the charge and risk of the purchaser. When the time period for the removal is passed, an interest of 1% per month on the hammer price will be charged, with a minimum of € 5 per day and per item. For the removal dates we refer to the terms and conditions printed in the catalogue and on the web site.

13. Refund
In case BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS, for whatever reason, is required to repay the funds that have already been paid, no interest can be counted on this sum.

14. Written and telephone bids
Through a written bid, BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS takes care of its customers purchase bids, free of charge. The purchase of the items is done in the cheapest way possible, provided the price limits or other possible offers allow it. The price limits set by phone are accepted at the risk of the seller. They must be confirmed by letter or fax, undersigned by the bidder. You complete the 'absentee bidding form' [link] during your visit at the auction house, or you download [link] it and deliver it no later than 24 h prior to the auction to BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS, or you send it by email (info(at)bernaerts.be) or by fax (+ 32 3 248 15 93), no later than 5 hours prior to the start of the auction. The auctioneer will try to purchase the item for you at the most beneficial price. These bids are no purchase orders nor commissions, but the orders to buy at the price indicated. In case of equal bid, the oral offer has priority on the written and digital ones. If several written bids of the same amount on the same item reach BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS and the written bids are the highest bid for the item in question, the item will be awarded to the first written bid having reached BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS. The auctioneer is not required to inform the public beforehand. The non-execution of a written bid, a telephone bid or an online bid by mistake or for any other cause (technical or otherwise) cannot be the subject of a claim for damages to BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS. The written, telephone and online bids are a free service offered to customers and cannot result in any kind of responsibility of BERNAERTS AUCTIONEERS.

15. Damage
Each visitor is responsible for the damage caused to the exposed objects and items.

16. Competent court
All disputes over the sale fall, as appropriate, under the exclusive competence of the courts of Antwerp, regardless of the domicile of the parties. In case these terms and conditions are a translation, the Dutch text will prevail.

Last updated: Sept 12, 2022

Shipping Terms

The auction house is not responsible for packaging and shipping your purchased items. We can recommend a few shipping companies:
https://www.bernaerts.eu/editor_images/file/transport.pdf
Please contact them directly to request a quote.
Costs for packaging and shipping are always at your expense and at your own risk.
For more info contact [email protected].