Lot 320C: Signature on Card 2 high X 3 inch wide card Of Joseph G Cannon Illinois Congressman & Speaker Of The US House

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The Book Barn

April 26, 2018, 7:00 PM EST
Edgewater, FL, US
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Description: COLLECTIBLE Signature on Card 2 high X 3 inch wide card Of Joseph G Cannon Illinois Congressman & Speaker Of The U. S. House. Approximately 2 inch high by 3 inch wide card signed by Joseph G Cannon Long time Illinois Congressman & autocratic Speaker Of The U. S. House. Boldly signed in ink: "J G CANNON"

"Joseph Gurney Cannon (1836-1926) was a United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party. Cannon served as Speaker of the U. S. House Of Representatives from 1903 to 1911, and many consider him to be the most dominant Speaker in United States history, with such control that he could often control debate. Cannon was also the longest serving Republican Representative ever, as well as first member of congress, of either party, ever to surpass 40 years of service (non-consecutive). Cannon's congressional career spanned 46 years of cumulative service & he is also the longest serving member ever of the House of Representatives from Illinois. Cannon also has the distinction of being the subject of the first Time Magazine cover ever, dated March 3, 1923. He attempted to gain the Speakership four times before succeeding. His antic speaking style, diminutive stature and pugnacious manner were his trademarks. The newspapers frequently lampooned him as a colorful rube. "Uncle Joe", as he was known, often clashed with fellow Republican Theodore Roosevelt, asserting that Roosevelt "has no more use for the U. S. Constitution than a tomcat has for a marriage license". Cannon wielded the office of Speaker with unprecedented power. At the time of Cannon's election the Speaker of the House concurrently held the chair of the Rules Committee, which determined under what rules and restrictions bills could be debated, amended, and voted on, and in some cases whether they would be allowed on the floor at all. As such, Cannon effectively controlled every aspect of the House's agenda: bills reached the floor of the house only if Cannon approved of them, and then in whatever form he determined — with Cannon himself deciding whether and to what extent the measures could be debated and amended. Cannon also reserved to himself the right to appoint not only the chairs of the various House Committees, but also all of the committees' members, and used that power to appoint his allies and proteges to leadership positions while punishing those who opposed his legislation. Crucially, Cannon exercised these powers to maintain discipline within the ranks of his own party: the Republicans were divided into the conservative "Old Guard," led by Cannon, and the progressives, led by President Roosevelt. His committee assignment privileges ensured that the party's Progressive element had little influence in the House, and his control over the legislative process obstructed progressive legislation. On March 17, 1910, after two failed attempts to curb Cannon's absolute power in the House, Nebraska Representative George Norris led a coalition of 42 progressive Republicans and the entire delegation of 149 Democrats in a revolt. With many of Cannon's most powerful allies absent from the Chamber, but enough Members on hand for a quorum, Norris introduced a resolution that would remove the Speaker from the Rules Committee and strip him of his power to assign committees. While his lieutenants left the chamber to collect absent members in an attempt to rally enough votes for Cannon, the Speaker's allies initiated a legislative block in the form of a point of order debate. When Cannon supporters proved difficult to find for many of the staunchest were Irish and spent the day at various St. Patrick's day celebrations, the filibuster continued for 26 hours. When Cannon finally ruled the resolution out of order at noon on March 19, Norris appealed the resolution to the full House, which voted to overrule Cannon, and then to adopt the Norris resolution. Cannon managed to save some face by promptly requesting a vote to remove him as Speaker, which he won handily since the Republican majority would not risk a Democratic speaker replacing him. However, his iron rule of the House was broken, and Cannon lost the Speakership when the Democrats won a majority later that same year."

Paper clip impression, no stain, at upper right, o/w Very Good Condition. ALL ITEMS ARE GUARANTEED TO BE ACCURATELY DESCRIBED, NOT DEFECTIVE, & GENUINE.

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Condition Report: Very Good Condition
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