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Canadian Coins

Canada initially struggled with its currency. Although the pound was the official system, not enough British coins circulated to make it fully viable. Most transactions were handled with either Spanish dollars or printed bills. However, several banks produced half-penny and one-penny coins in the first half of the 19th century. At the dawn of the 20th century, Canada completely moved away from the pound and created the Canadian dollar.

Soon after, the Royal Canadian Mint (RCM) was established in Ottawa, with a second mint in Winnipeg following later. Canadian coins were originally minted in the 5-, 10-, 25-, and 50-cent denominations. The one-cent penny was added shortly after, but removed again in 2012. Canadian $1 and $2 coins were added late in the 20th century.

Today, the Royal Canadian Mint is renowned for its printing techniques and the high quality commemorative and numismatic coins it creates. The RCM also generates coinage for many foreign nations including Norway, New Zealand and Australia, Cuba, Thailand, and many others. From 1980 to 2005 alone, the RCM minted coins for 62 countries from its branch in Winnipeg. The RCM is a noteworthy innovator, lauded for its pioneering in colored and plated coins.


Quick Facts

  • The Royal Canadian Mint has produced Olympic medals for two different games: the 1976 Montreal games and the 2010 Vancouver Games
  • The $1 coin is known as the loonie, named after the loon bird on its reverse. The $2 coin features a polar bear and is called the toonie, a portmanteau of two and loonie
  • The 1911 silver dollar was once featured as the world's most expensive coin in the Guinness Book of World Records. Only one exists in private hands. The other two are at the Canadian Currency Museum in Ottawa

Recommended Items at Auction

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2014 Canada Silver Fox 1 1/2 oz .9999 Fine Silver Rounds
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2016 Canada Snow White Falcon 1 1/2oz .999 Fine Silver
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Sellers Who Sell Canadian Coins


Richard L. Edwards Auctioneer

Richard L. Edwards Auctioneer

Silver City Auctions

Silver City Auctions

Weatherham Estate Treasures

Weatherham Estate Treasures