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Caucasian Rugs & Carpets

The Caucasus region lies between the Black and Caspian Seas, a landscape of stark beauty and harsh contrasts marked by sharp mountain peaks and deep, rich valleys. A bridge between the Far East and Europe, the culture of the Caucasus region reflects a collision of many empires.

Geometric shapes, latch hook technique, and the Ghiordes knot (symmetrical weave) are some of the commonalities among Caucasian tribal rugs. Caucasian carpets called “Kazak” rugs are often small and may have originally been used in prayer. Other tribal rugs can be quite large, like the 17th century “Dragon Carpet” that measures 170 inches by 90 inches and currently resides in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Both soft and durable, Caucasian rugs feature mosaic designs incorporating simple figures, elaborate borders, striking colors, and a perfected geometry of forms including diamonds, crosses, hexagons, and hooks. Some well-known Caucasian rug styles come from the areas of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkestan.

Traditionally, Caucasian weavers created their art for personal use in the home. Rugs were used as floor coverings, wall hangings, and feast cloths. The finery was also displayed at weddings, funerals, and embellished religious rites. Emperors, kings, and sultans who ruled over tribes of the Caucasus sometimes demanded the exquisite pieces as part of a yearly tax.

Prior to the 1920s, Caucasian rugs were always woven at home with natural materials and dyes, making them more collectible. When much of the region was incorporated into the Soviet Union, factories were built for faster and more efficient production of this commodity.


Quick Facts

  • Collectors can authenticate the region from which their rug originates by studying the color schemes, weaves, and motifs on their piece
  • A Caucasian Verneh sold at Sotheby’s in New York for $10,625 in 2014

Recommended Items at Auction

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Antique Sevan shield-Kazak, Southwest Caucasus
Nov 06, 2:00 PM CET
Antique Sevan shield-Kazak, Southwest Caucasus
by Henry's Auktionshaus AG
Est: €1,000- €3,000
€802 Bids
LATE 19TH CENTURY CAUCASIAN SCATTER RUG,
Nov 13, 10:00 AM EST
LATE 19TH CENTURY CAUCASIAN SCATTER RUG,
by Marion Antique Auctions
Est: $300- $500
$1752 Bids
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CAUCASIAN RUG: 3’1” X 5’3” Late 19th Century
Nov 04, 9:30 AM EDT
CAUCASIAN RUG: 3’1” X 5’3” Late 19th Century
by Eldred's
Est: $100- $200
$702 Bids
Three Antique Persian & Caucasian Estate Rugs
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Three Antique Persian & Caucasian Estate Rugs
by Material Culture
Est: $300- $500
$1501 Bid
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 6'1'' x 10'4''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 6'1'' x 10'4''
by Material Culture
Est: $400- $800
$2001 Bid
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1880, 3'9'' x 7'4''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1880, 3'9'' x 7'4''
by Material Culture
Est: $500- $1,000
$2501 Bid
Antique Shirvan Kilim, Caucasus, 19th century,wool woven
Nov 06, 2:00 PM CET
Antique Shirvan Kilim, Caucasus, 19th century,wool woven
by Henry's Auktionshaus AG
Est: €500- €1,000
€801 Bid
LATE 19TH CENTURY CAUCASIAN SCATTER RUG,
Nov 13, 10:00 AM EST
LATE 19TH CENTURY CAUCASIAN SCATTER RUG,
by Marion Antique Auctions
Est: $300- $500
$1501 Bid
LATE 19TH CENTURY SOUMAK ROOM SIZED RUG. 7'6" X
Nov 13, 10:00 AM EST
LATE 19TH CENTURY SOUMAK ROOM SIZED RUG. 7'6" X
by Marion Antique Auctions
Est: $200- $400
$1001 Bid
Shirvan Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1900, 5'7'' x 10'11''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Shirvan Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1900, 5'7'' x 10'11''
by Material Culture
Est: $1,000- $2,000
$5001 Bid
Antique Schildkazak, Caucasus, around 1900, wool knotted
Nov 06, 2:00 PM CET
Antique Schildkazak, Caucasus, around 1900, wool knotted
by Henry's Auktionshaus AG
Est: €1,500- €3,000
€801 Bid
Antique Karabagh, Caucasus, around 1900, wool knotted on
Nov 06, 2:00 PM CET
Antique Karabagh, Caucasus, around 1900, wool knotted on
by Henry's Auktionshaus AG
Est: €1,000- €2,000
€801 Bid
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KAZAK DESIGN RUG: 6'0" X 6'5" Late 20th Century
Nov 18, 9:30 AM EST
KAZAK DESIGN RUG: 6'0" X 6'5" Late 20th Century
by Eldred's
Est: $500- $700
$2501 Bid
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 4'1'' x 5'2''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 4'1'' x 5'2''
by Material Culture
Est: $600- $900
$3001 Bid
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 3'5'' x 9'0''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Kazak Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 3'5'' x 9'0''
by Material Culture
Est: $1,500- $2,000
$9001 Bid
Seychour Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1900, 4'8'' x 7'0''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Seychour Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1900, 4'8'' x 7'0''
by Material Culture
Est: $1,500- $2,000
$9001 Bid
Unusually Large Shirvan Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1900, 7'2'' x 13'10''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Unusually Large Shirvan Rug, Caucasus, Circa 1900, 7'2'' x 13'10''
by Material Culture
Est: $3,000- $4,000
$1,5001 Bid
Teppich
Nov 13, 11:00 AM CET
Teppich
by Das Kunst- und Auktionshaus Kastern GmbH & Co KG
Est: €120- €220
€1201 Bid
Shirvan Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 3'8'' x 5'1''
Oct 28, 10:00 AM EDT
Shirvan Rug, Caucasus, Late 19th C., 3'8'' x 5'1''
by Material Culture
Est: $800- $1,200
$5001 Bid
Rare Chelaberd Kazak, Caucasus, 19th century, wool knotted
Nov 06, 2:00 PM CET
Rare Chelaberd Kazak, Caucasus, 19th century, wool knotted
by Henry's Auktionshaus AG
Est: €1,000- €3,000
€1,0001 Bid
CAUCASIAN KARACHOPH KAZAK HANDWOVEN WOOL RUG, C. 1890S, W 6' 1" L 7' 6"
Nov 12, 11:00 AM EST
CAUCASIAN KARACHOPH KAZAK HANDWOVEN WOOL RUG, C. 1890S, W 6' 1" L 7' 6"
by DuMouchelles
Est: $100- $200
$501 Bid
CAUCASIAN KARABAKH HANDWOVEN WOOL RUG, C. 1890S, W 4', L 10'
Nov 12, 11:00 AM EST
CAUCASIAN KARABAKH HANDWOVEN WOOL RUG, C. 1890S, W 4', L 10'
by DuMouchelles
Est: $200- $400
$1001 Bid
CAUCASIAN GENJI HANDWOVEN WOOL RUG, C. 1900, W 4', L 7' 5"
Nov 12, 11:00 AM EST
CAUCASIAN GENJI HANDWOVEN WOOL RUG, C. 1900, W 4', L 7' 5"
by DuMouchelles
Est: $250- $500
$1251 Bid
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THREE SMALL CAUCASIAN-DESIGN TURKISH RUGS Last Quarter of the 20th Century
Nov 04, 9:30 AM EDT
THREE SMALL CAUCASIAN-DESIGN TURKISH RUGS Last Quarter of the 20th Century
by Eldred's
Est: $300- $400
$1501 Bid

Sellers Who Sell Caucasian Rugs & Carpets


Material Culture

Material Culture

Henry's Auktionshaus AG

Henry's Auktionshaus AG

DuMouchelles

DuMouchelles

Eldred's

Eldred's