Christian Crucifixes

Christian crucifixes, usually sculpted depictions of Jesus on the cross, have long been an important feature of Christian art. Although they are sometimes seen in Eastern Orthodox, Methodist, and Lutheran churches, they are most frequently used in Catholic churches and cathedrals as well as within homes for private worship.

Christians started using crucifixes during the 5th century A.D., with the earliest examples originating in Italy. During this time, monumental crucifixes were sculpted and decorated for liturgical use within churches and small, portable crucifixes were made for individual prayer. In both public and private settings, crucifixes encourage viewers to reflect upon the suffering of Christ and his ultimate sacrifice for humankind.

The iconography for crucifixes was originally drawn from Byzantine icons, which depicted Christ with an erect body and head and opened eyes. However, with the emergence of the Monophysite heresy during the 7th century A.D., people began to deny the human nature of Jesus. As a response to this claim, artists began portraying Christ with a limp body and closed eyes, emphasizing his mortality and death on the cross. Today, an incredible variety of crucifixes made of wood, metal, ivory, gold, silver, and other precious materials are available for Christians and collectors of religious art.


Quick Facts

  • On November 16, 2011, Christie’s Paris sold a carved ivory book binding representing the crucifixion for $776,560
  • On March 5, 2008, Christie’s Paris sold a procession crucifix of copper and gold glass c. 1200 for $95,178
  • Before the crucifixion of Christ, cross symbols were used in various regions of the ancient World. In Egypt, for example, the ankh represented the key of life

Recommended Items at Auction

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A CRUCIFIX
Oct 26, 7:00 PM WEST
A CRUCIFIX
by Renascimento
Est: €300- €500
€3001 Bid
STERLING SILVER CRUCIFIX LOT 329
Oct 17, 5:00 PM EDT
STERLING SILVER CRUCIFIX LOT 329
by Jones Auction House LLC
Est: $0- $0
$101 Bid
Pressed brass and wood cross, approx 51cm L
Oct 31, 9:30 AM AEDT
Pressed brass and wood cross, approx 51cm L
by Vickers & Hoad
Est: AUD0- AUD0
AUD101 Bid
STERLING SILVER CROSS PENDANT LOT 329
Oct 17, 5:00 PM EDT
STERLING SILVER CROSS PENDANT LOT 329
by Jones Auction House LLC
Est: $0- $0
$101 Bid
Mose Tolliver
Oct 23, 9:00 AM EDT
Mose Tolliver
by Brunk Auctions
Est: $1,000- $2,000
$5000 Bids
A SILVER-GILT AND GUILLOCHÉ ENAMEL PECTORAL CROSS
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
A SILVER-GILT AND GUILLOCHÉ ENAMEL PECTORAL CROSS
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €500- €1,000
€5000 Bids
THREE TRIPTYCHS, QUADRIPTYCH, FIVE CRUCIFIXES AND ELEVEN BR
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
THREE TRIPTYCHS, QUADRIPTYCH, FIVE CRUCIFIXES AND ELEVEN BR
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €120- €240
€1200 Bids
QUADRIPTYCH AND NINE CRUCIFIXES
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
QUADRIPTYCH AND NINE CRUCIFIXES
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €180- €360
€1800 Bids
THREE CRUCIFIXES, TWO QUADRIPTYCHS, TRIPTYCH ANS THREE BRAS
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
THREE CRUCIFIXES, TWO QUADRIPTYCHS, TRIPTYCH ANS THREE BRAS
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €120- €240
€1200 Bids
A CRUCIFIX
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
A CRUCIFIX
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €120- €240
€1200 Bids
FOUR CRUCIFIXES
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
FOUR CRUCIFIXES
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €120- €240
€1200 Bids
A COLLECTION OF EIGHT BRASS CRUCIFIXES
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
A COLLECTION OF EIGHT BRASS CRUCIFIXES
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €120- €240
€1200 Bids
A LARGE CRUCIFIX
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
A LARGE CRUCIFIX
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €120- €240
€1200 Bids
TWO WOODEN CRUCIFIXES
Nov 04, 10:00 AM CET
TWO WOODEN CRUCIFIXES
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €120- €240
€1200 Bids
CRISTO
Oct 21, 6:30 PM CEST
CRISTO
by Galleria Sarno
Est: €200- €300
€1800 Bids
CROCIFISSO - CRUCIFIX
Oct 21, 6:30 PM CEST
CROCIFISSO - CRUCIFIX
by Galleria Sarno
Est: €800- €1,000
€6000 Bids
LOTTO DI OGGETTI DI VARIO GENERE - LOT OF VARIOUS ITEMS
Oct 21, 6:30 PM CEST
LOTTO DI OGGETTI DI VARIO GENERE - LOT OF VARIOUS ITEMS
by Galleria Sarno
Est: €300- €400
€2000 Bids
crucifix, Russia, around 1850-60, Bronze, with different
Oct 30, 10:00 AM CEST
crucifix, Russia, around 1850-60, Bronze, with different
by Henry's Auktionshaus AG
Est: €150- €300
€1200 Bids
CROCIFISSO - CRUCIFIX
Oct 22, 6:30 PM CEST
CROCIFISSO - CRUCIFIX
by Galleria Sarno
Est: €800- €1,000
€6000 Bids
CROCIFISSO - CRUCIFIX
Oct 23, 6:30 PM CEST
CROCIFISSO - CRUCIFIX
by Galleria Sarno
Est: €200- €300
€1000 Bids
Portchie (SA, born 1963) Oil, "Abstract with Heart & Cross", Signed Titled, 20 x 24
Oct 24, 10:00 AM SAST
Portchie (SA, born 1963) Oil, "Abstract with Heart & Cross", Signed Titled, 20 x 24
by 5th Avenue Auctioneers
Est: R3,000- R5,000
R2,6000 Bids
Orthodox bronze crucifix engraved Russia 19th Sizes: H=300mm L=160mm Weight (K): 0,568kg <
Oct 31, 10:00 AM CET
Orthodox bronze crucifix engraved Russia 19th Sizes: H=300mm L=160mm Weight (K): 0,568kg <
by Goldfield Auction
Est: €300- €400
€3000 Bids
Painting, Saint Francis before Cross and Skull
Oct 17, 9:30 AM PDT
Painting, Saint Francis before Cross and Skull
by Clars Auction Gallery
Est: $400- $600
$2000 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Christian Crucifixes


Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf

Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf

Galleria Sarno

Galleria Sarno

Historia Auktionshaus

Historia Auktionshaus

Il Ponte Auction House

Il Ponte Auction House