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Christian Crucifixes

Christian crucifixes, usually sculpted depictions of Jesus on the cross, have long been an important feature of Christian art. Although they are sometimes seen in Eastern Orthodox, Methodist, and Lutheran churches, they are most frequently used in Catholic churches and cathedrals as well as within homes for private worship.

Christians started using crucifixes during the 5th century A.D., with the earliest examples originating in Italy. During this time, monumental crucifixes were sculpted and decorated for liturgical use within churches and small, portable crucifixes were made for individual prayer. In both public and private settings, crucifixes encourage viewers to reflect upon the suffering of Christ and his ultimate sacrifice for humankind.

The iconography for crucifixes was originally drawn from Byzantine icons, which depicted Christ with an erect body and head and opened eyes. However, with the emergence of the Monophysite heresy during the 7th century A.D., people began to deny the human nature of Jesus. As a response to this claim, artists began portraying Christ with a limp body and closed eyes, emphasizing his mortality and death on the cross. Today, an incredible variety of crucifixes made of wood, metal, ivory, gold, silver, and other precious materials are available for Christians and collectors of religious art.


Quick Facts

  • On November 16, 2011, Christie’s Paris sold a carved ivory book binding representing the crucifixion for $776,560
  • On March 5, 2008, Christie’s Paris sold a procession crucifix of copper and gold glass c. 1200 for $95,178
  • Before the crucifixion of Christ, cross symbols were used in various regions of the ancient World. In Egypt, for example, the ankh represented the key of life

Recommended Items at Auction

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PROCESSIONAL CROSS
Oct 06, 9:00 AM PDT
PROCESSIONAL CROSS
by Abell Auction
Est: $100- $200
$2005 Bids
Iron Hanging Wall Cross
Oct 08, 10:00 AM MST
Iron Hanging Wall Cross
by EJ'S Auction & Appraisal
Est: $0- $0
$152 Bids
SUPREME ORDER OF CHRIST
Oct 15, 9:30 AM CEST
SUPREME ORDER OF CHRIST
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €4,000- €8,000
€101 Bid
SUPREME ORDER OF THE CHRIST
Oct 16, 9:30 AM CEST
SUPREME ORDER OF THE CHRIST
by La Galerie Numismatique
Est: €3,000- €6,000
€101 Bid
Antique crucifix under glass dome 53 h x 22 cm wide
Oct 09, 10:00 AM AEDT
Antique crucifix under glass dome 53 h x 22 cm wide
by Woodlands Auctions
Est: AUD200- AUD300
AUD1001 Bid
Antique heavy brass crucifix 48 cm high
Oct 09, 10:00 AM AEDT
Antique heavy brass crucifix 48 cm high
by Woodlands Auctions
Est: AUD80- AUD120
AUD401 Bid
Antique nickel plated crucifix 38 cm high
Oct 09, 10:00 AM AEDT
Antique nickel plated crucifix 38 cm high
by Woodlands Auctions
Est: AUD80- AUD120
AUD401 Bid
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RUSSIAN METAL CROSS SHOWING THE CRUCIFIXION OF CHRIST
Oct 29, 1:00 PM CEST
RUSSIAN METAL CROSS SHOWING THE CRUCIFIXION OF CHRIST
by Galerie Moenius
Est: CHF20- CHF40
CHF201 Bid
Ukrainian Carved Wood Crucifix
Oct 22, 2:00 PM EDT
Ukrainian Carved Wood Crucifix
by Connoisseur Online
Est: $100- $200
$750 Bids
Bronze Crucifixion Jesus on Cross Hanging Plaque
Oct 08, 2:00 PM EDT
Bronze Crucifixion Jesus on Cross Hanging Plaque
by Connoisseur Online
Est: $450- $900
$4000 Bids
Dreinageltypus Corpus Christi / A corpus Christi, wohl Frankreich, 16./17. Jh.
Oct 08, 9:00 AM CEST
Dreinageltypus Corpus Christi / A corpus Christi, wohl Frankreich, 16./17. Jh.
by Auktionshaus Schwab
Est: €330- €660
€3300 Bids
Antique sandstone crucifix with woman, H 79 cm.
Oct 07, 10:00 AM CEST
Antique sandstone crucifix with woman, H 79 cm.
by Twents Veilinghuis
Est: €0- €0
€8000 Bids
Large Rosewood Holy Cross
Oct 07, 10:00 AM CEST
Large Rosewood Holy Cross
by Twents Veilinghuis
Est: €0- €0
€1200 Bids
Erik Lindman, American b.1985 - Cross, 2010;
Oct 12, 11:00 AM BST
Erik Lindman, American b.1985 - Cross, 2010;
by Roseberys
Est: £1,000- £2,000
£7000 Bids
Vintage Wood & Brass Wall Crucifix Cross
Oct 08, 2:00 PM EDT
Vintage Wood & Brass Wall Crucifix Cross
by Connoisseur Online
Est: $75- $150
$500 Bids
3 diverse corpus Christi waaronder messing exemplaar 18e eeuw en gestoken houten exemplaar, 19e eeuw
Oct 06, 7:00 PM CEST
3 diverse corpus Christi waaronder messing exemplaar 18e eeuw en gestoken houten exemplaar, 19e eeuw
by Veilinghuis Van Spengen
Est: €100- €200
€1000 Bids
bronzen corpus Christi aan noten en parelmoer kruis, 19e eeuw, h. 65 cm
Oct 06, 7:00 PM CEST
bronzen corpus Christi aan noten en parelmoer kruis, 19e eeuw, h. 65 cm
by Veilinghuis Van Spengen
Est: €100- €150
€1000 Bids
Cross of Christ 19th century, full round carved figurine of Christ with Mar
Oct 08, 1:00 PM CEST
Cross of Christ 19th century, full round carved figurine of Christ with Mar
by Auktionshaus am See
Est: €0- €0
€700 Bids
FRENCH GILTWOOD FRAMED CARVED CRUCIFIX
Oct 16, 10:00 AM CDT
FRENCH GILTWOOD FRAMED CARVED CRUCIFIX
by Austin Auction Gallery
Est: $500- $1,000
$4000 Bids
AN ANTIQUE GILT METAL AND CARVED WOOD CRUCIFIX. 40 cm x 24 cm.
Oct 11, 9:30 AM BST
AN ANTIQUE GILT METAL AND CARVED WOOD CRUCIFIX. 40 cm x 24 cm.
by Hannam's Auctioneers
Est: £80- £120
£600 Bids
AN ANTIQUE BLACK FOREST CASED BRONZE CRUCIFIX. 48 cm x 38 cm.
Oct 11, 9:30 AM BST
AN ANTIQUE BLACK FOREST CASED BRONZE CRUCIFIX. 48 cm x 38 cm.
by Hannam's Auctioneers
Est: £80- £120
£600 Bids
THREE WHITE METAL CRUCIFIXES OF VARIOUS FORMS. Largest 9.5cm x 5.6cm, total weight 93.1g
Oct 12, 9:30 AM BST
THREE WHITE METAL CRUCIFIXES OF VARIOUS FORMS. Largest 9.5cm x 5.6cm, total weight 93.1g
by Hannam's Auctioneers
Est: £50- £75
£200 Bids
LARGE FOLK ART CARVED & PAINTED CRUCIFIX, 58.5"H
Oct 15, 10:00 AM CDT
LARGE FOLK ART CARVED & PAINTED CRUCIFIX, 58.5"H
by Austin Auction Gallery
Est: $200- $400
$1500 Bids
WILLIE JINKS
Oct 08, 10:00 AM EDT
WILLIE JINKS
by Ledbetter Auctions
Est: $500- $800
$500 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Christian Crucifixes


Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf

Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf

Austin Auction Gallery

Austin Auction Gallery

Twents Veilinghuis

Twents Veilinghuis

Arte Subastas Bilbao

Arte Subastas Bilbao