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Fine Bone China

Fine bone china is a soft-paste porcelain made up of kaolin, bone ash, and feldspathic material. It contains a minimum of 30 percent phosphate derived from animal bone and calculated calcium phosphate. It is known for a high level of whiteness and translucency while remaining chip resistant. Up until the late twentieth century, bone china was almost entirely produced in England, which is why it is sometimes referred to as English porcelain.

Bone china was first created in East London in 1748 by Thomas Frye. Because his porcelain factory at the time was located near cattle markets, he had easy access to the animal bones that are needed to produce bone china. In the latter part of the eighteenth century, Josiah Spode introduced stoke china, which was a development of Frye's animal bone china. Spode's son, Josiah II, renamed it bone china and made some adjustments to the formula that created the bone china that is so respected today.

Bone china was developed at a time when soft-paste porcelain was primarily being used in England in an attempt to imitate the fine translucency and delicateness of the porcelain from China. This china, which incorporates glass substances in its creation, was not as durable or translucent as bone china. This explains why centuries later, bone china is still so highly revered.


Quick Facts

  • Most English porcelain manufacturers including Coalport, Royal Crown Derby, Royal Doulton, and Wedgwood still make bone china,
  • Josiah Spode's formula of six parts bone ash, four parts china stone, and three and a half parts china clay remains the base formula for bone china production today
  • China is now the biggest producer of bone china in the world

Recommended Items at Auction

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Fine English China Porcelain Estate Group Lot
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Fine English China Porcelain Estate Group Lot
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Est: $10- $1,000
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4 FINE BONE CHINA MUGS MADE IN ENGLAND
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4 FINE BONE CHINA MUGS MADE IN ENGLAND
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Cera-E-Noor Fine China Set
Oct 24, 11:30 AM EDT
Cera-E-Noor Fine China Set
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CHINA TRADE, 19th c.
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CHINA TRADE, 19th c.
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CHINA TRADE, 19th c.
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(pair) CHINA TRADE, 19th c.
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(pair) CHINA TRADE, 19th c.
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Antique Head Covering, Southern China
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Antique Head Covering, Southern China
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Ai Weiwei (China, b. 1957) Porcelain Sunflower Seeds
Nov 15, 10:00 AM EST
Ai Weiwei (China, b. 1957) Porcelain Sunflower Seeds
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A Queen Ann Bone China Creamer
Oct 24, 1:00 PM EDT
A Queen Ann Bone China Creamer
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $10- $100
$100 Bids
A Bone China Pug Dog
Oct 23, 1:00 PM EDT
A Bone China Pug Dog
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $20- $200
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A Fine Bone China Cup and Saucer
Oct 23, 1:00 PM EDT
A Fine Bone China Cup and Saucer
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $25- $250
$250 Bids
A Blue and White Bone China Container
Oct 24, 1:00 PM EDT
A Blue and White Bone China Container
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $25- $250
$250 Bids
A Bone China Owl
Oct 23, 1:00 PM EDT
A Bone China Owl
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $10- $100
$100 Bids
A Bone China Bread Plate
Oct 23, 1:00 PM EDT
A Bone China Bread Plate
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $10- $100
$100 Bids
A Thurley Bone China Vase
Oct 23, 1:00 PM EDT
A Thurley Bone China Vase
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $45- $450
$450 Bids
A Fine Bone China Dog
Oct 23, 1:00 PM EDT
A Fine Bone China Dog
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $15- $150
$150 Bids
A Bone China Dog
Oct 23, 1:00 PM EDT
A Bone China Dog
by Designer Homes of Central Florida
Est: $10- $100
$100 Bids
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Duftdose o.ä., wohl China, Bein
Oct 30, 11:00 AM CEST
Duftdose o.ä., wohl China, Bein
by Auktionshalle Cuxhaven
Est: €0- €0
€50 Bids
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Opium-Pfeife, China, Replik, wohl Kunstmasse
Oct 30, 11:00 AM CEST
Opium-Pfeife, China, Replik, wohl Kunstmasse
by Auktionshalle Cuxhaven
Est: €0- €0
€200 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Fine Bone China


Designer Homes of Central Florida

Designer Homes of Central Florida

CRN Auctions

CRN Auctions

Material Culture

Material Culture

Auktionshalle Cuxhaven

Auktionshalle Cuxhaven