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German & Austrian Paintings

In Germany and Austria, the avant-garde opened with secession movements in Berlin, Munich, and Vienna. The Viennese Secession celebrated architecture, design, and fine art as equals. The influential Bauhaus art school grew out of Viennese Secession ideals.

Die Brücke, the first German Expressionist group, formed in Dresden in 1905. Die Brücke created unbalanced scenes with clashing colors, and the artists worked especially in woodcut. In 1911, Der Blaue Reiter formed in Munich. It was interested in spiritual principles, represented by the animal kingdom in paintings and experimentation with color interaction.

The second generation of German Expressionists, called Neue Sachlichkeit, used figurative art to brutally critique the state of affairs as the Nazi party rose to prominence. A branch of the international Dada movement formed in Berlin in 1918. Dada critiqued current affairs through all the arts including literature, painting, and performance.

The Nazi party halted the avant-garde in Germany and Austria until the end of World War II. Afterward, to update the German public on art currents, Germany created the quinquennial Documenta art exposition. First held in 1955, Documenta has expanded to equal the Venice Biennale in prestige and importance.


Quick Facts

  • Franz Marc and Wassily Kandinsky were the founders of Der Blaue Reiter in 1911
  • On February 4, 2015, Christie’s London sold Marc’s "Springendes Pferd," 1913, for £2.5 million
  • A painting by Wassily Kandinsky, "Entwurf zu ‘Improvisation mit rot-blauem Ring,’"1913, fetched $4.5 million at Christie’s New York on May 14, 2015

Recommended Items at Auction

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Bräuner - Kampen am Watt
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Bräuner - Kampen am Watt
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €100- €120
€1000 Bids
Bräuner - Landschaft auf Sylt
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Bräuner - Landschaft auf Sylt
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €80- €100
€800 Bids
Bräuner - Landschaft mit Baum
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Bräuner - Landschaft mit Baum
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €100- €120
€1000 Bids
Bräuner - Weg mit Birken
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Bräuner - Weg mit Birken
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €120- €150
€1200 Bids
Dunker - Weiher Gut Knoop
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Dunker - Weiher Gut Knoop
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €200- €250
€2000 Bids
Fikisz - Kiel
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Fikisz - Kiel
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €80- €100
€800 Bids
Fritz - Schreibtisch
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Fritz - Schreibtisch
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €80- €100
€800 Bids
Heckert - Lütjenburg
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Heckert - Lütjenburg
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €160- €200
€1600 Bids
Mappe Kunst zwischen Nord- u. Ostsee
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Mappe Kunst zwischen Nord- u. Ostsee
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €200- €250
€2000 Bids
Mappe Kunst Nord- und Ostsee 2 Bde.
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Mappe Kunst Nord- und Ostsee 2 Bde.
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €200- €250
€2000 Bids
Käselau - Stadtzeichen IV
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Käselau - Stadtzeichen IV
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €80- €100
€800 Bids
Klenze - Alter Markt in Kiel
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Klenze - Alter Markt in Kiel
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €40- €50
€400 Bids
Lambertz - Komposition
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Lambertz - Komposition
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €80- €100
€800 Bids
Lambertz - Stillleben
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Lambertz - Stillleben
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €80- €100
€800 Bids
Oesinghaus - Moor
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Oesinghaus - Moor
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €160- €200
€1600 Bids
Oesinghaus - Sommermorgen Dieksee
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Oesinghaus - Sommermorgen Dieksee
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €160- €200
€1600 Bids
Oesinghaus - Neumünster
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Oesinghaus - Neumünster
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €160- €200
€1600 Bids
Petersen - Friesenhaus auf Sylt
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Petersen - Friesenhaus auf Sylt
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €40- €50
€400 Bids
Schmidt - Strand bei Möltenort
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Schmidt - Strand bei Möltenort
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €200- €250
€2000 Bids
Schneider - Mappe Kiel
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Schneider - Mappe Kiel
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €200- €250
€2000 Bids
Coste - Ochsenkarren
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Coste - Ochsenkarren
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €320- €400
€3200 Bids
Duwe - Wellingdorfer Yachthafen
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Duwe - Wellingdorfer Yachthafen
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €1,200- €1,500
€1,2000 Bids
Frahm-Hessler - Grauer Tag im Watt
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Frahm-Hessler - Grauer Tag im Watt
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €120- €150
€1200 Bids
Fußmann - Landschaft bei Rundhof
Nov 20, 9:30 AM CET
Fußmann - Landschaft bei Rundhof
by Auktionshaus Schramm
Est: €160- €200
€1600 Bids

Sellers Who Sell German & Austrian Paintings


Auktionshaus Schramm

Auktionshaus Schramm