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Neolithic & Paleolithic Antiquities

Representing Earth's oldest human inhabitants, the Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures roamed the globe many millennia past. In addition to their landmark societal achievements, Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures also contributed some of the earliest art and artifacts ever documented, from the painted caves in Lascaux, France, to the construction of Stonehenge in England.

Our earliest human ancestors of the Paleolithic era survived based on their ingenuity, using the materials around them to fashion rudimentary tools and to build makeshift dwellings. Artifacts that survive from this period, such as finely honed arrowheads for weaponry, reflect this innovation. At the same time, these ancient objects reveal simultaneous novelty in art forms, such as carved ochre stones, like those found in South Africa's Blombos Caves, that were believed to be used as a form of paintbrush, or small carved votive figures, like the famous "Woman from Willendorf," discovered in Austria.

As human culture evolved, art developed as well into a wider array of approaches and fields. Ceramic pieces, for example, which emerged in the closing years of the Paleolithic era, blossomed in the Neolithic age into diverse traditions across the globe. These early explorations paved the way for centuries of artistic genius to come.


Quick Facts

  • The Paleolithic era, also known as the "Old Stone Age," is one of the longest in human history, ranging between the dates of 2,6000,000 B.C. and 15,000 B.C.
  • Most art objects and artifacts from the Paleolithic Age are smaller in scale in part as a reflection of their cultural habits. Paleolithic peoples were mostly nomadic, so reduced scale objects allowed for easy transportation
  • The key contributing factor to the arrival of the Neolithic era, or "New Stone Age," was transition toward communal living in response to the growing field of agriculture. Planted crops meant humans had to stay in one location, which encouraged the development of communities and, accordingly, increasingly advanced artistic practices

Recommended Items at Auction

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Stone Age British Palaeolithic Flint Handaxe
Nov 29, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age British Palaeolithic Flint Handaxe
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £300- £400
£3803 Bids
Stone Age Polished Stone Adze
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Polished Stone Adze
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £80- £100
£52 Bids
Massive Stone Age Polished Green Rhyolite Ceremonial Axehead
Nov 29, 10:00 AM GMT
Massive Stone Age Polished Green Rhyolite Ceremonial Axehead
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £600- £800
£1102 Bids
Chinese Neolithic Painted Jar
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Chinese Neolithic Painted Jar
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £150- £200
£902 Bids
Stone Age Flint Arrowheads and Implements Group
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Flint Arrowheads and Implements Group
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £100- £140
£51 Bid
Stone Age Knapped Flint Knife Blade Collection
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Knapped Flint Knife Blade Collection
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£51 Bid
Stone Age Knapped Flint Knife Blade Collection
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Knapped Flint Knife Blade Collection
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£51 Bid
Stone Age Polished Black Stone Axehead
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Polished Black Stone Axehead
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £80- £100
£51 Bid
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Neolithic Chinese Museum Jade crawling Amphibian, 20 cm
Dec 04, 11:00 AM EST
Neolithic Chinese Museum Jade crawling Amphibian, 20 cm
by Eternity Gallery
Est: $6,000- $30,000
$1,0001 Bid
Stone Age British Polished Stone Axehead
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age British Polished Stone Axehead
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £100- £140
£51 Bid
Stone Age Flint Arrowhead, Implement and Potsherd Group
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Flint Arrowhead, Implement and Potsherd Group
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £80- £100
£51 Bid
Stone Age British Arrowhead and Implement Group
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age British Arrowhead and Implement Group
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £60- £80
£51 Bid
Chinese Neolithic Carved Jade Bi (5pc)
Dec 03, 11:00 AM EST
Chinese Neolithic Carved Jade Bi (5pc)
by J. James Auctioneers and Appraisers
Est: $500- $1,000
$1001 Bid
An attractive paleolithic hand axe.
Dec 14, 2:00 PM CET
An attractive paleolithic hand axe.
by Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung GmbH
Est: €640- €800
€6001 Bid
Stone Age Tenerian Culture Stone Tool
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Tenerian Culture Stone Tool
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£51 Bid
Stone Age Tenerian Culture Stone Tool Group
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Tenerian Culture Stone Tool Group
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £20- £30
£50 Bids
Stone Age Polished Axehead Collection
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Polished Axehead Collection
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £40- £60
£50 Bids
Large Stone Age Twydall Flint Implement
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Large Stone Age Twydall Flint Implement
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£50 Bids
Stone Age British Flint Core and Flake Group
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age British Flint Core and Flake Group
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£50 Bids
Stone Age British Mixed Flint Implement Group
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age British Mixed Flint Implement Group
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£50 Bids
Stone Age Mixed British Flint Implement Group
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Stone Age Mixed British Flint Implement Group
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£50 Bids
Early Neolithic Linear Pottery Sherds
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Early Neolithic Linear Pottery Sherds
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £20- £30
£50 Bids
Large Stone Age Twydall Flint Implement
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Large Stone Age Twydall Flint Implement
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£50 Bids
Large Stone Age Upnor Clactonian Flint Nosed Implement
Dec 01, 10:00 AM GMT
Large Stone Age Upnor Clactonian Flint Nosed Implement
by TimeLine Auctions
Est: £50- £70
£50 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Neolithic & Paleolithic Antiquities


TimeLine Auctions

TimeLine Auctions

Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung GmbH

Gorny & Mosch Giessener Münzhandlung GmbH

Eternity Gallery

Eternity Gallery

J. James Auctioneers and Appraisers

J. James Auctioneers and Appraisers