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In the 19th century, Western artists, caught in the fever of Romanticism, used themes from the Middle and Far East in their paintings. Orientalism idealized and romanticized, for the enjoyment of a Western audience, themes from exotic “other” cultures.
Sometimes an entire picture was an Orientalist scene, such as a picture of Turkish baths or an odalisque and slave. On other occasions, a single Orientalist element might be added to a more traditional picture. Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres and Jean-Léon Gérôme are two major 19th century academic painters who utilized Orientalist themes.
Fascination with the East was not new in the 19th century. In France, cabinetmakers (known as ébénistes) painted onto furniture Chinese figures amid pagodas and exotic birds beginning in the 17th century. In England, Thomas Chippendale included Chinese styled dining chairs in his furniture pattern book of 1754.
"Jeune femme sur une terrasse," 1889, by Frederick-Arthur Bridgman, is an example of the 19th century Orientalism. The painting sold for €133,500 at Sotheby’s Paris on October 23, 2014
"Bohemian Dice Players," undated, by Rudolf Weisse, sold at Sotheby’s London for £200,500 on April 8, 2014
At Christie’s London, "Guerrier Ottoman à cheval" (Ottoman warrior on a horse), an undated painting by Alfred de Dreux, sold for £458,500 on November 26, 2013