United States $1, $3, $4 Gold Coins

United States $1 gold coins were a brief and fairly unpopular series minted between 1849 to 1889. The concept for the $1 gold coin was originally proposed by Alexander Hamilton in 1791. It was supposed to run alongside the $1 silver coin to represent the two legal tender precious metals at one of the most commonly used dollar amounts. Three variations on the $1 gold coin exist, all of which were designed by James Longacre, the fourth chief engraver.

The $3 gold coin, also designed by Longacre, only had one style across its lifespan. However, it did have several important variations such as the 1873 open and closed 3 varieties. Minted from 1854 to 1889, the $3 coin was widely unpopular and only really found use on the West Coast where paper money was scarce and rarely used. One of the biggest obstacles to the $3 coin was the existence of the more popular quarter eagle, or $2.50 gold piece.

Stellas, as the $4 gold coins were known both officially and colloquially, were pattern coins that were never meant to be released. Several hundred were sold illicitly to congressmen and entered circulation thereafter. Originally designed with an eye towards joining the Latin Monetary Union in 1879 and 1880, Stellas were produced in two variations designed by Charles Barber and George Morgan.


Quick Facts

  • The first run of the $1 gold coin ranks as the smallest legal tender United States coin ever minted. The diameter is just 12.7 millimeters
  • The sales record for a $3 coin is currently held by an 1855-S cameo proof, which sold at auction in 2011 for just over $1.3 million
  • An 1880 Stella sold at auction for $1,821,250 in April 2015. The particular pattern auctioned is believed to be one of only 10 ever made

Recommended Items at Auction

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1851 Gold Dollar $1 Grades Choice AU/BU Slider
Oct 18, 5:45 PM EDT
1851 Gold Dollar $1 Grades Choice AU/BU Slider
by Key Date Coins, Inc.
Est: $175- $350
$1806 Bids
1873 Open 3 Type 3 Lg Head Gold $1.00
Oct 18, 5:00 PM EDT
1873 Open 3 Type 3 Lg Head Gold $1.00
by Richard L. Edwards Auctioneer
Est: $1- $5,000
$3005 Bids
***Auction Highlight*** 1853-d Dahlonega TY1 Gold Dollar $1 Graded ms62 details By SEGS (fc)
Oct 18, 5:45 PM EDT
***Auction Highlight*** 1853-d Dahlonega TY1 Gold Dollar $1 Graded ms62 details By SEGS (fc)
by Key Date Coins, Inc.
Est: $5,000- $10,000
$1104 Bids
1853 Gold Dollar $1 Grades Select Unc
Oct 19, 5:45 PM EDT
1853 Gold Dollar $1 Grades Select Unc
by Key Date Coins, Inc.
Est: $259- $518
$752 Bids
1854 Indian Princess $1 Gold Type 2, Holed
Oct 19, 5:00 PM EDT
1854 Indian Princess $1 Gold Type 2, Holed
by Richard L. Edwards Auctioneer
Est: $1- $5,000
$552 Bids
2008-W Proof Bald Eagle $5 Dollar Gold Coin in Presentation Box and COA
Oct 23, 11:00 AM EDT
2008-W Proof Bald Eagle $5 Dollar Gold Coin in Presentation Box and COA
by Dana J. Tharp Auctions
Est: $500- $600
$3001 Bid
Three Graded U.S. Gold Coins
Oct 22, 9:00 AM EDT
Three Graded U.S. Gold Coins
by Brunk Auctions
Est: $800- $1,200
$4001 Bid
1853 Rare Gold Dollar UNCIRCULATED
Oct 22, 5:30 PM CDT
1853 Rare Gold Dollar UNCIRCULATED
by Gold Standard Auctions
Est: $100- $10,000
$51 Bid
***Auction Highlight*** 1874 TY3 Gold Dollar $1 Graded ms63 PL By SEGS (fc)
Oct 18, 5:45 PM EDT
***Auction Highlight*** 1874 TY3 Gold Dollar $1 Graded ms63 PL By SEGS (fc)
by Key Date Coins, Inc.
Est: $1,250- $2,500
$251 Bid
1854-S Rare Gold Dollar UNCIRCULATED
Oct 18, 5:30 PM CDT
1854-S Rare Gold Dollar UNCIRCULATED
by Gold Standard Auctions
Est: $100- $10,000
$51 Bid
1853 Type 1 $1 Liberty Head Gold Dollar Coin
Oct 19, 8:00 AM PDT
1853 Type 1 $1 Liberty Head Gold Dollar Coin
by BK Auctions
Est: $375- $425
$11 Bid
2005 Million Dollar 4oz .999 Silver Golden Proof Layered in Pure 24K Gold
Oct 19, 5:00 PM EDT
2005 Million Dollar 4oz .999 Silver Golden Proof Layered in Pure 24K Gold
by Richard L. Edwards Auctioneer
Est: $1- $5,000
$11 Bid
***Auction Highlight*** 1855-d Dahlonega TY 2 Gold Dollar $1 Graded ms62 By SEGS (fc)
Oct 19, 5:45 PM EDT
***Auction Highlight*** 1855-d Dahlonega TY 2 Gold Dollar $1 Graded ms62 By SEGS (fc)
by Key Date Coins, Inc.
Est: $36,875- $73,750
$251 Bid
Type I, II, and III Gold Dollars
Oct 22, 9:00 AM EDT
Type I, II, and III Gold Dollars
by Brunk Auctions
Est: $500- $700
$2501 Bid
***Auction Highlight*** 1878 Three Dollar Gold 3 Graded ms64 details By SEGS (fc)
Oct 19, 5:45 PM EDT
***Auction Highlight*** 1878 Three Dollar Gold 3 Graded ms64 details By SEGS (fc)
by Key Date Coins, Inc.
Est: $1,500- $3,000
$251 Bid
1854 Type 1 $1 Liberty Head Gold Dollar Coin NGC AU58
Oct 20, 8:00 AM PDT
1854 Type 1 $1 Liberty Head Gold Dollar Coin NGC AU58
by BK Auctions
Est: $650- $750
$11 Bid
1853-C Gold Dollar
Oct 22, 9:00 AM EDT
1853-C Gold Dollar
by Brunk Auctions
Est: $800- $1,200
$4000 Bids
20 dollar gold coin, 1907
Oct 25, 7:00 PM WEST
20 dollar gold coin, 1907
by Leiloeira Santo Eloy
Est: €1,000- €1,200
€1,0000 Bids
Karl Julius Lorck (Norway,1829-1882) oil painting antique
Nov 14, 11:45 AM EST
Karl Julius Lorck (Norway,1829-1882) oil painting antique
by Broward Auction Gallery
Est: $2,400- $3,000
$1,4000 Bids
Mint US President John Tyler, Statue of Liberty on reverse $1 Dollar gold tone coin
Oct 19, 7:00 PM EDT
Mint US President John Tyler, Statue of Liberty on reverse $1 Dollar gold tone coin
by Omni Auction Corp
Est: $15- $20
$40 Bids
Mint US President James K. Polk, Statue of Liberty on reverse $1 Dollar gold tone coin
Oct 19, 7:00 PM EDT
Mint US President James K. Polk, Statue of Liberty on reverse $1 Dollar gold tone coin
by Omni Auction Corp
Est: $15- $20
$40 Bids
2 Kennedy Half Dollars & 24 KT Gold Plated Quarter
Oct 24, 2:00 PM EDT
2 Kennedy Half Dollars & 24 KT Gold Plated Quarter
by Pace & Hong Auctions, LLC
Est: $0- $0
$60 Bids
1851, 52, 53, 54, 56 GOLD DOLLARS
Oct 21, 11:00 AM EDT
1851, 52, 53, 54, 56 GOLD DOLLARS
by Silver City Auctions
Est: $1,650- $1,750
$100 Bids

Sellers Who Sell United States $1, $3, $4 Gold Coins


Gold Standard Auctions

Gold Standard Auctions

BK Auctions

BK Auctions

Key Date Coins, Inc.

Key Date Coins, Inc.

Brunk Auctions

Brunk Auctions