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Zsolnay Porcelain

The Hungarian manufacturer Zsolnay produces porcelain, tiles, and stoneware. It was founded in 1853 by Miklos Zsolnay in Pécs, Hungary to produce stoneware. Miklos Szolnay's son Vilmos became manager and director in 1863 and helped the factory achieve international recognition by exhibiting their products at world fairs, including the 1873 World Exposition in Vienna and 1878 World's Fair in Paris.

In 1893, Zsolnay created porcelain pieces made from eosin, a unique process that produces a light red iridescence. The name is derived from the Greek word "eos," meaning flush of the dawn. Over time, different colors were developed. The secret glaze used in the eosin process creates porcelain that appears iridescent and metallic, with colors that change in the angle of the reflection. This look became a favorite among Art Nouveau artists. By 1914, Zsolnay was the largest company in Austro-Hungary.

During World War I, the factory produced items solely for military use. Following the war, conditions of the factory declined due to the Serbian occupation and difficulty securing raw materials. After the depression, conditions improved once again and in 1948, the factory was nationalized due to the communist rule. At this point, the Zsolnay name was dropped and the company operated under the title Pécs Porcelain Factory. After the market economy resumed in 1982, the name was returned along with its operational independence. Zsolnay is still operating, and in 2008, signed a contract with IKEA to produce 5,000 tons of ceramic per year.


Quick Facts

  • Zsolnay is credited with creating pyrogranite, a type of ornamental ceramic that remains acid and frost resistant, making it appropriate for roof tiles and fireplaces
  • A circa 1900 Zsolnay vase sold at Christie's New York in December 2014 for $15,000
  • Zsolnay won the Granx Prix at the 1878 World's Fair in Paris

Recommended Items at Auction

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2 Zsolnay Eosin Iridescent Animal Figures
Oct 27, 4:00 PM EDT
2 Zsolnay Eosin Iridescent Animal Figures
by Anzardo's Fine Arts
Est: $100- $150
$502 Bids
An unusual Zsolnay turquoise glazed pottery tulip vase, circa 1895, stamped
Oct 26, 10:30 AM BST
An unusual Zsolnay turquoise glazed pottery tulip vase, circa 1895, stamped
by Roseberys
Est: £600- £800
£4200 Bids
Liegender Mädchenakt. Zsolnay, Pecs.
Oct 28, 9:00 AM CEST
Liegender Mädchenakt. Zsolnay, Pecs.
by Auktionshaus Wendl
Est: €0- €0
€600 Bids
(2 Pc) Antique Zsolnay Porcelain Reticulated Handled Vases
Oct 28, 12:00 PM EDT
(2 Pc) Antique Zsolnay Porcelain Reticulated Handled Vases
by Akiba Antiques
Est: $100- $500
$400 Bids
ZSOLNAY HUNGARY PORCELAIN NUDE WOMAN WITH BOWL STANDING
Oct 29, 6:00 PM EDT
ZSOLNAY HUNGARY PORCELAIN NUDE WOMAN WITH BOWL STANDING
by Auctions by Daum
Est: $130- $200
$900 Bids
ZSOLNAY NUDE FEMALE FIGURE SEATED W/STAMPED
Oct 29, 6:00 PM EDT
ZSOLNAY NUDE FEMALE FIGURE SEATED W/STAMPED
by Auctions by Daum
Est: $160- $230
$1150 Bids
ZSOLNAY HUNGARY VINTAGE YOUNG GIRL WITH GOOSE PORCELAIN
Oct 29, 6:00 PM EDT
ZSOLNAY HUNGARY VINTAGE YOUNG GIRL WITH GOOSE PORCELAIN
by Auctions by Daum
Est: $50- $90
$400 Bids
VTG. ZSOLNAY HUNGARY EOSIN GREEN BULL FIGURE W/STAMPED
Oct 29, 6:00 PM EDT
VTG. ZSOLNAY HUNGARY EOSIN GREEN BULL FIGURE W/STAMPED
by Auctions by Daum
Est: $70- $100
$500 Bids
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Scarce Zsolnay Covered Cache Pot
Nov 03, 10:00 AM EDT
Scarce Zsolnay Covered Cache Pot
by Barry S. Slosberg Inc
Est: $100- $200
$250 Bids
Vilmos Zsolnay, Pécs 1828 - 1900 Pécs, Vase
Nov 16, 5:00 PM CET
Vilmos Zsolnay, Pécs 1828 - 1900 Pécs, Vase
by Tiberius Auctions
Est: €600- €800
€3000 Bids
Zsolnay, Pecs, Mantelpiece, Around 1950 / 1960
Nov 16, 5:00 PM CET
Zsolnay, Pecs, Mantelpiece, Around 1950 / 1960
by Tiberius Auctions
Est: €2,000- €3,000
€1,0000 Bids
Alabaster comport and a Zsolnay bird figure, approx 28cm x 25cm and smaller (2)
Oct 31, 9:30 AM AEDT
Alabaster comport and a Zsolnay bird figure, approx 28cm x 25cm and smaller (2)
by Vickers & Hoad
Est: AUD20- AUD30
AUD100 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Zsolnay Porcelain


Tiberius Auctions

Tiberius Auctions

Roseberys

Roseberys

Barry S. Slosberg Inc

Barry S. Slosberg Inc