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Zsolnay Porcelain

The Hungarian manufacturer Zsolnay produces porcelain, tiles, and stoneware. It was founded in 1853 by Miklos Zsolnay in Pécs, Hungary to produce stoneware. Miklos Szolnay's son Vilmos became manager and director in 1863 and helped the factory achieve international recognition by exhibiting their products at world fairs, including the 1873 World Exposition in Vienna and 1878 World's Fair in Paris.

In 1893, Zsolnay created porcelain pieces made from eosin, a unique process that produces a light red iridescence. The name is derived from the Greek word "eos," meaning flush of the dawn. Over time, different colors were developed. The secret glaze used in the eosin process creates porcelain that appears iridescent and metallic, with colors that change in the angle of the reflection. This look became a favorite among Art Nouveau artists. By 1914, Zsolnay was the largest company in Austro-Hungary.

During World War I, the factory produced items solely for military use. Following the war, conditions of the factory declined due to the Serbian occupation and difficulty securing raw materials. After the depression, conditions improved once again and in 1948, the factory was nationalized due to the communist rule. At this point, the Zsolnay name was dropped and the company operated under the title Pécs Porcelain Factory. After the market economy resumed in 1982, the name was returned along with its operational independence. Zsolnay is still operating, and in 2008, signed a contract with IKEA to produce 5,000 tons of ceramic per year.


Quick Facts

  • Zsolnay is credited with creating pyrogranite, a type of ornamental ceramic that remains acid and frost resistant, making it appropriate for roof tiles and fireplaces
  • A circa 1900 Zsolnay vase sold at Christie's New York in December 2014 for $15,000
  • Zsolnay won the Granx Prix at the 1878 World's Fair in Paris

Recommended Items at Auction

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JÁNOS TÖRÖK FIGUR 'DENKENDER'
Dec 09, 10:00 AM CET
JÁNOS TÖRÖK FIGUR 'DENKENDER'
by Hargesheimer Kunstauktionen Düsseldorf
Est: €100- €200
€1002 Bids
Manufacture de Vilmos ZSOLNAY (1840-1900) à PECS
Dec 11, 2:00 PM CET
Manufacture de Vilmos ZSOLNAY (1840-1900) à PECS
by OXIO
Est: €1,000- €1,500
€1,0001 Bid
(2) HUNGARIAN ZSOLNAY PORCELAIN JUGS/ EWERS
Dec 11, 9:00 AM CST
(2) HUNGARIAN ZSOLNAY PORCELAIN JUGS/ EWERS
by Austin Auction Gallery
Est: $150- $300
$1001 Bid
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VILMOS ZSOLNAY, SCHALE MIT KREBS
Dec 12, 10:00 AM CET
VILMOS ZSOLNAY, SCHALE MIT KREBS
by Schuler Auktionen
Est: CHF100- CHF160
CHF1001 Bid
A Large Zsolnay Reticulated jardiniere
Dec 18, 12:00 PM EST
A Large Zsolnay Reticulated jardiniere
by Locati LLC
Est: $100- $500
$1001 Bid
Manufacture ZSOLNAY à PECS - Lajos MACK (1876-1963)
Dec 11, 2:00 PM CET
Manufacture ZSOLNAY à PECS - Lajos MACK (1876-1963)
by OXIO
Est: €1,500- €2,000
€1,5001 Bid
Manufacture de ZSOLNAY à PECS - XXe siècle
Dec 11, 2:00 PM CET
Manufacture de ZSOLNAY à PECS - XXe siècle
by OXIO
Est: €4,000- €6,000
€4,0000 Bids
Zsolnay Pecs, an Art Nouveau jardiniere
Dec 10, 10:00 AM GMT
Zsolnay Pecs, an Art Nouveau jardiniere
by Kinghams Auctioneers
Est: £250- £300
£1500 Bids
ZSOLNAY ANTIQUES FIGHTING BEARS HUNGARY
Dec 20, 5:00 PM EST
ZSOLNAY ANTIQUES FIGHTING BEARS HUNGARY
by Auction by Daum
Est: $120- $200
$750 Bids
Manufacture de ZSOLNAY à PECS - XXe siècle
Dec 11, 2:00 PM CET
Manufacture de ZSOLNAY à PECS - XXe siècle
by OXIO
Est: €1,200- €1,500
€1,2000 Bids
Zsolnay Hand-Painted Floral Porcelain Set, 12 pcs.
Dec 11, 11:00 AM EST
Zsolnay Hand-Painted Floral Porcelain Set, 12 pcs.
by Auctions at Showplace
Est: $300- $500
$1000 Bids
Zsolnay: Candlestick, 1911
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Candlestick, 1911
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €5,000- €7,500
€2,7790 Bids
Zsolnay: Decor-bowl pair, around 1890
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Decor-bowl pair, around 1890
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €4,500- €6,000
€2,7790 Bids
Zsolnay: Vase with Grape pattern, around 1900
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Vase with Grape pattern, around 1900
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €7,500- €10,000
€4,7250 Bids
Zsolnay: Vase with two handles and Yellow Floral Plant-ornaments, 1900
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Vase with two handles and Yellow Floral Plant-ornaments, 1900
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €7,500- €10,000
€5,5570 Bids
Zsolnay: Plate from the Andrássy dinner service, 1898
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Plate from the Andrássy dinner service, 1898
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €20,000- €25,000
€9,4490 Bids
Zsolnay: Ribbed vase with Ribbon handles, around 1898
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Ribbed vase with Ribbon handles, around 1898
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €1,500- €2,000
€1,0050 Bids
Zsolnay: Vase with a Stylized Panorama of Flying Birds and Clouds, 1903
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Vase with a Stylized Panorama of Flying Birds and Clouds, 1903
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €5,000- €7,500
€2,3630 Bids
Zsolnay: Statuette, Tiger, 1900
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Statuette, Tiger, 1900
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €11,250- €15,000
€7,2250 Bids
Zsolnay: Bowl, Fisherman pulling a Net, 1901
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Bowl, Fisherman pulling a Net, 1901
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €4,500- €5,500
€2,3630 Bids
Zsolnay: Silver mounted Vase with Tiffany-style Striped Decor, around 1898-1899
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Silver mounted Vase with Tiffany-style Striped Decor, around 1898-1899
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €3,750- €6,000
€1,9460 Bids
Zsolnay: Table-centre, with figures of Léda and the Swan, 1906
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Table-centre, with figures of Léda and the Swan, 1906
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €15,000- €20,000
€9,4490 Bids
Zsolnay: Palissy-jar, around 1900
Dec 19, 6:00 PM CET
Zsolnay: Palissy-jar, around 1900
by Virág Judit Gallery
Est: €9,000- €12,500
€5,5570 Bids
Henkelvase Zsolny, Pécs, Ungarn
Dec 09, 10:00 AM CET
Henkelvase Zsolny, Pécs, Ungarn
by Leo Spik
Est: €280- €336
€2200 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Zsolnay Porcelain


Virág Judit Gallery

Virág Judit Gallery

OXIO

OXIO

Schuler Auktionen

Schuler Auktionen

Sworders

Sworders