(b 1957) Shirin Neshat’s art explores her native Iran, although she now lives and works in New York. She has always employed different techniques and media throughout her numerous projects. With her earliest works, such as the Women of Allah series, she used black and white photography, often overlaid with calligraphy. Neshat depicted the female figure, at times even depicting herself, as the subject and overlaid images with Farsi text and verses of ancient Persian poetry. She utilizes traditional imagery such as the veil and uses images of guns to explore some of the more philosophical and ideological issues relating to the revolution and the role of women in Iranian society. Today she works primarily in film, creating dual video projections that explore the tension between tradition and modernity for women in Iran.