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Marcel Lajos Breuer

(1902-1981)

Alias: Marcel Lajos Breuer

Draft draughtsman

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Biography

Marcel Lajos Breuer (/'br??.?r/ BROY-?r; 21 May 1902 – 1 July 1981), was a Hungarian-born modernist architect and furniture designer.

At the Bauhaus he designed the Wassily Chair and the Cesca Chair, which The New York Times have called some of the most important chairs of the 20th century. Breuer extended the sculpture vocabulary he had developed in the carpentry shop at the Bauhaus into a personal architecture that made him one of the world's most popular architects at the peak of 20th-century design. His work includes art museums, libraries, college buildings, office buildings, and residences. Many are in a Brutalist architecture style, including the former IBM Research and Development facility which was the birthplace of the first personal computer. He is regarded as one of the great innovators of modern furniture design and one of the most-influential exponents of the International Style.

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