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Roy Lichtenstein

(1923-1997)

Alias: Roy Fox Lichtenstein

Painter, Sculptor

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Biography

Roy Fox Lichtenstein (October 27, 1923 – September 29, 1997) was an American pop artist. During the 1960s, along with Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, and James Rosenquist among others, he became a leading figure in the new art movement. His work defined the premise of pop art through parody. Inspired by the comic strip, Lichtenstein produced precise compositions that documented while they parodied, often in a tongue-in-cheek manner. His work was influenced by popular advertising and the comic book style. His artwork was considered to be "disruptive". He described pop art as "not 'American' painting but actually industrial painting". His paintings were exhibited at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York City.

Whaam! and Drowning Girl are generally regarded as Lichtenstein's most famous works. Drowning Girl, Whaam!, and Look Mickey are regarded as his most influential works.[8] His most expensive piece is Masterpiece, which was sold for $165 million in January 2017.

Early years: Lichtenstein was Jewish, although he "played down his roots" and "didn't speak often of being Jewish".[10] His family was upper middle class.[1][11][12] His father, Milton, was a real estate broker, his mother, Beatrice (Werner), a homemaker.[13] He was raised on the Upper West Side and attended public school until the age of twelve. He then attended New York's Dwight School, graduating from there in 1940. Lichtenstein first became interested in art and design as a hobby, through school.[14] He was an avid jazz fan, often attending concerts at the Apollo Theater in Harlem.[14] He frequently drew portraits of the musicians playing their instruments.[14] In his last year of high school, 1939, Lichtenstein enrolled in summer classes at the Art Students League of New York, where he worked under the tutelage of Reginald Marsh.[15]

Career: Lichtenstein then left New York to study at Ohio State University, which offered studio courses and a degree in fine arts.[1] His studies were interrupted by a three-year stint in the Army during and after World War II between 1943 and 1946.[1] After being in training programs for languages, engineering, and pilot training, all of which were cancelled, he served as an orderly, draftsman, and artist.[1]

Lichtenstein returned home to visit his dying father and was discharged from the Army with eligibility for the G.I. Bill.[14] He returned to studies in Ohio under the supervision of one of his teachers, Hoyt L. Sherman, who is widely regarded to have had a significant impact on his future work (Lichtenstein would later name a new studio he funded at OSU as the Hoyt L. Sherman Studio Art Center).[16]

Lichtenstein entered the graduate program at Ohio State and was hired as an art instructor, a post he held on and off for the next ten years. In 1949 Lichtenstein received a Master of Fine Arts degree from Ohio State University.

In 1951, Lichtenstein had his first solo exhibition at the Carlebach Gallery in New York.[1][17] He moved to Cleveland in the same year, where he remained for six years, although he frequently traveled back to New York. During this time he undertook jobs as varied as a draftsman to a window decorator in between periods of painting.[1] His work at this time fluctuated between Cubism and Expressionism.[14] In 1954, his first son, David Hoyt Lichtenstein, now a songwriter, was born. His second son, Mitchell Lichtenstein, was born in 1956.[18]

In 1957, he moved back to upstate New York and began teaching again.[4] It was at this time that he adopted the Abstract Expressionism style, being a late convert to this style of painting.[19] Lichtenstein began teaching in upstate New York at the State University of New York at Oswego in 1958. About this time, he began to incorporate hidden images of cartoon characters such as Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny into his abstract works.

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Oct 23, 5:00 PM CEST
Roy Lichtenstein (after) - Woman in Bath
by TGP Auction
Est: CHF700- CHF900
CHF4750 Bids
Oct 23, 5:00 PM CEST
Roy Lichtenstein (after) - M-Maybe he became ill
by TGP Auction
Est: CHF700- CHF900
CHF4750 Bids
Oct 12, 11:00 AM EDT
Roy Lichtenstein, Pistol (from Banner, Multiples Calendar 1969)
by Rago Arts and Auction Center
Est: $3,000- $5,000
$2,4000 Bids
Oct 12, 11:00 AM EDT
Roy Lichtenstein, Pyramid
by Rago Arts and Auction Center
Est: $3,000- $5,000
$2,4000 Bids
Oct 12, 11:00 AM EDT
Roy Lichtenstein, Finger Pointing (from the The New York Collection for Stockholm portfolio)
by Rago Arts and Auction Center
Est: $9,000- $12,000
$7,0000 Bids
Oct 12, 11:00 AM EDT
Roy Lichtenstein, Entablature III (from the Entablature series)
by Rago Arts and Auction Center
Est: $12,000- $18,000
$10,0000 Bids
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Oct 15, 10:00 AM EDT
Roy Lichtenstein, This Must be the Place, Offset Lithograph
by RoGallery
Est: $25,000- $35,000
$20,0000 Bids
Oct 16, 12:00 PM EDT
ROY LICHTENSTEIN "SHIPBOARD GIRL - 1995" OFFSET
by White Knight Auctions
Est: $1,000- $3,000
$5000 Bids
Oct 20, 2:30 PM CEST
ROY LICHTENSTEIN 1923-1997 Leo Castelli / New York 1979
by Aste Bolaffi
Est: €0- €0
€1000 Bids
Oct 20, 2:30 PM CEST
ROY LICHTENSTEIN 1923-1997 Untitled 1989
by Aste Bolaffi
Est: €0- €0
€1500 Bids
Oct 19, 7:00 PM CEST
Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)
by Venduehuis der Notarissen
Est: €2,000- €3,000
€2,0000 Bids
Oct 06, 10:00 AM CEST
Lichtenstein , Roy (New York City 1923-1997)
by Leo Spik
Est: €500- €600
€4000 Bids
Oct 08, 10:00 AM EDT
Roy Lichtenstein, Whaam!, Diptych Lithograph
by Kaminski Auctions
Est: $1,000- $1,500
$5000 Bids
Oct 08, 10:00 AM EDT
Roy Lichtenstein, Red Barn, Silkscreen
by Kaminski Auctions
Est: $300- $500
$1500 Bids
Oct 29, 12:00 PM CEST
Roy Lichtenstein (1923 New York 1997) - Fish and Sky (Blatt der Mappe "Ten from Leo Castelli").
by Dr. Irene Lehr Kunstauktionen GmbH
Est: €0- €0
€5,0000 Bids
Oct 29, 12:00 PM CEST
Roy Lichtenstein (1923 New York 1997) - Landscape 5 (Blatt der Mappe "Ten Landscapes").
by Dr. Irene Lehr Kunstauktionen GmbH
Est: €0- €0
€8,0000 Bids
Oct 06, 10:00 AM CEST
Roy Lichtenstein , Reclining Female Nude
by Twents Veilinghuis
Est: €0- €0
€2750 Bids
Oct 05, 1:00 PM BST
ROY LICHTENSTEIN (AMERICAN 1923-1997)
by Chiswick Auctions
Est: £800- £1,200
£6500 Bids

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