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Christian Crucifixes

Christian crucifixes, usually sculpted depictions of Jesus on the cross, have long been an important feature of Christian art. Although they are sometimes seen in Eastern Orthodox, Methodist, and Lutheran churches, they are most frequently used in Catholic churches and cathedrals as well as within homes for private worship.

Christians started using crucifixes during the 5th century A.D., with the earliest examples originating in Italy. During this time, monumental crucifixes were sculpted and decorated for liturgical use within churches and small, portable crucifixes were made for individual prayer. In both public and private settings, crucifixes encourage viewers to reflect upon the suffering of Christ and his ultimate sacrifice for humankind.

The iconography for crucifixes was originally drawn from Byzantine icons, which depicted Christ with an erect body and head and opened eyes. However, with the emergence of the Monophysite heresy during the 7th century A.D., people began to deny the human nature of Jesus. As a response to this claim, artists began portraying Christ with a limp body and closed eyes, emphasizing his mortality and death on the cross. Today, an incredible variety of crucifixes made of wood, metal, ivory, gold, silver, and other precious materials are available for Christians and collectors of religious art.


Quick Facts

  • On November 16, 2011, Christie’s Paris sold a carved ivory book binding representing the crucifixion for $776,560
  • On March 5, 2008, Christie’s Paris sold a procession crucifix of copper and gold glass c. 1200 for $95,178
  • Before the crucifixion of Christ, cross symbols were used in various regions of the ancient World. In Egypt, for example, the ankh represented the key of life

Recommended Items at Auction

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HUDSON BAY MARKED CROSS, NATIVE AMERICAN FUR TRADE
Apr 23, 9:00 AM EDT
HUDSON BAY MARKED CROSS, NATIVE AMERICAN FUR TRADE
by Affiliated Auctions & Realty LLC
Est: $80- $160
$1804 Bids
Kruzifixe, Reliquienkreuz.
May 03, 10:00 AM CEST
Kruzifixe, Reliquienkreuz.
by Kiefer Buch- und Kunstauktionen
Est: €40- €60
€401 Bid
Reliquary cross, Alpine, early 19th century, fruit wood
Apr 27, 10:30 AM CEST
Reliquary cross, Alpine, early 19th century, fruit wood
by Henry's Auktionshaus
Est: €140- €200
€1201 Bid
RELIQUARY CROSS CALLED JERUSALEM, IN MOTHER-OF-PEARL AND MOTHER-OF-PEARL, WORK FROM THE HOLY LAND, 19TH CENTURY
Apr 25, 4:30 PM CEST
RELIQUARY CROSS CALLED JERUSALEM, IN MOTHER-OF-PEARL AND MOTHER-OF-PEARL, WORK FROM THE HOLY LAND, 19TH CENTURY
by Templum Fine Art Auctions
Est: €300- €350
€1201 Bid
A Latin American wood and silver altar crucifix
Apr 23, 10:00 AM PDT
A Latin American wood and silver altar crucifix
by John Moran Auctioneers
Est: $800- $1,200
$4001 Bid
Interessantes Konvolut
May 03, 10:00 AM CEST
Interessantes Konvolut
by Dusseldorfer Auktionshaus
Est: €0- €0
€801 Bid
A reliquary crucifix with 5 relics and the original document, Domini Nostri Jesu Christi. (W:9 x H:15 cm)
May 08, 1:00 PM CEST
A reliquary crucifix with 5 relics and the original document, Domini Nostri Jesu Christi. (W:9 x H:15 cm)
by Flanders Auctions
Est: €500- €700
€4001 Bid
A small reliquary crucifix with a relic of the 'True Cross'. (L:8 x W:10 x H:25 cm)
May 08, 1:00 PM CEST
A small reliquary crucifix with a relic of the 'True Cross'. (L:8 x W:10 x H:25 cm)
by Flanders Auctions
Est: €300- €500
€2401 Bid
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GERMAN CHROME STANDARD CROSS
Apr 26, 9:00 AM AEST
GERMAN CHROME STANDARD CROSS
by Albion Antique Auction Centre
Est: AUD10- AUD40
AUD101 Bid
Jerusalem Cross
Apr 23, 10:00 AM CEST
Jerusalem Cross
by Deutsch Auktionen
Est: €90- €180
€901 Bid
Collection of Hanging Crucifixes/Reliquaries.
May 11, 10:30 AM PDT
Collection of Hanging Crucifixes/Reliquaries.
by Turner Auctions + Appraisals
Est: $100- $200
$801 Bid
RELIGIOUS VINTAGE METAL CRUCIFIX
Apr 23, 11:00 AM PDT
RELIGIOUS VINTAGE METAL CRUCIFIX
by Robert Slawinski Auctioneers, Inc.
Est: $80- $200
$800 Bids
Ukrainian Carved Wood Crucifix
Apr 27, 2:00 PM EDT
Ukrainian Carved Wood Crucifix
by Connoisseur Online
Est: $75- $150
$600 Bids
Antique Brass Standing Church Crucifix Cross
Apr 27, 2:00 PM EDT
Antique Brass Standing Church Crucifix Cross
by Connoisseur Online
Est: $100- $200
$500 Bids
GOTHIC STYLE TABLETOP CRUCIFIX
Apr 25, 4:30 PM CEST
GOTHIC STYLE TABLETOP CRUCIFIX
by Templum Fine Art Auctions
Est: €700- €750
€4250 Bids
EXPIRING FILIPINO CHRIST IN POLYCHROME WOOD, 19TH CENTURY PHILIPPINE COLONIAL SCHOOL
Apr 25, 4:30 PM CEST
EXPIRING FILIPINO CHRIST IN POLYCHROME WOOD, 19TH CENTURY PHILIPPINE COLONIAL SCHOOL
by Templum Fine Art Auctions
Est: €2,000- €2,250
€1,0000 Bids
AN ANTIQUE JESUIT MONKS CRUCIFIX. 21 cm x 8 cm.
Apr 23, 10:00 AM BST
AN ANTIQUE JESUIT MONKS CRUCIFIX. 21 cm x 8 cm.
by Hannam's Auctioneers
Est: £40- £60
£300 Bids
CRUCIFIX, 19TH CENTURY
Apr 25, 4:30 PM CEST
CRUCIFIX, 19TH CENTURY
by Templum Fine Art Auctions
Est: €400- €450
€1500 Bids
IMPORTANT COLONIAL EXPIRING CHRIST, NEW SPANISH WORK, 18TH CENTURY
Apr 25, 4:30 PM CEST
IMPORTANT COLONIAL EXPIRING CHRIST, NEW SPANISH WORK, 18TH CENTURY
by Templum Fine Art Auctions
Est: €2,000- €2,250
€8500 Bids
CRUCIFIX OF JERUSALEM, WORK FROM THE HOLY LAND, 19TH CENTURY
Apr 25, 4:30 PM CEST
CRUCIFIX OF JERUSALEM, WORK FROM THE HOLY LAND, 19TH CENTURY
by Templum Fine Art Auctions
Est: €1,000- €1,200
€7500 Bids
20th C Mexican silver Crucified Christ
Apr 25, 5:00 PM CEST
20th C Mexican silver Crucified Christ
by Duran Arte y Subastas
Est: €0- €0
€1800 Bids
Valli Jesus Christ Forced To Carry Cross Bronze Statue
Apr 27, 1:00 PM EDT
Valli Jesus Christ Forced To Carry Cross Bronze Statue
by OG Collections
Est: $565- $865
$2500 Bids
ANTIQUE ORNATE PAINT DECORATED CROSS
Apr 26, 12:00 PM EDT
ANTIQUE ORNATE PAINT DECORATED CROSS
by Dennis Auction Service
Est: $100- $200
$700 Bids
Spanish Colonial Christ on Cross Wood Sculpture
May 19, 12:00 PM EDT
Spanish Colonial Christ on Cross Wood Sculpture
by Auctions at Showplace
Est: $400- $600
$1000 Bids

Sellers Who Sell Christian Crucifixes


Turner Auctions + Appraisals

Turner Auctions + Appraisals

Templum Fine Art Auctions

Templum Fine Art Auctions

Isbilya Subastas

Isbilya Subastas

Sheppards

Sheppards